Temporomandibular Disorders

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) encompass a group of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions that involve the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the masticatory muscles, and all associated tissues. Pain associated with TMD can be clinically expressed as masticatory muscle pain (MMP) or TMJ pain (synovitis, capsulitis, osteoarthritis). Chewing or other mandibular activity usually aggravates the musculoskeletal pain. Read more

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